John Sherman Cooper-Eisenhower Republican

Already mentioned was President Eisenhower’s talent in bringing young people into the system.  Eisenhower’s did not do this for Senator John Sherman Cooper.  This man from Kentucky had been in elective politics and diplomatic circles since 1940, or 12 years before Eisenhower became President.  He did run with Eisenhower in both 1952 and 1956.  This stemmed from his ability to win special but not full term elections.

John Sherman Cooper did not win full terms to the United States Senate until 1960 and 1966.  Between the his years in the Senate and after his retirement in 1972, Cooper assumed  diplomatic and ambassadorial assignments to the United Nations, Western Europe, and the Far East.   JS Cooper was also a member of the Warren Commission.  Read his accomplishments on the Internet.  You will understand why the his two biographies are titled  Consummate Statesman and the Global Kentuckian.

Cooper was a Moderate to Progressive Republican, who took decidedly liberal stances on civil rights, civil liberties, social justice, and most important peace initiatives. He was not afraid to buck his party and liberal groups often found him more acceptable than Democrats.  He co-sponsored two bipartisan peace amendments to appropriations.  With Senator Frank Church, a Democrat from Idaho, he initiated two Cooper-Church Amendments.  This two bills, the second of which passed, cut off all military operations in Cambodia and Laos during the Vietnam Era.   With Senator Phillip Hart, a Democrat from Michigan, he initiated the Cooper-Hart Amendment.  This bill successfully prevented funding of the Anti-Ballistic Missiles.

As I said, there is ample information on John Sherman Cooper on the internet.  Cooper and Henry Clay are the biggest names in Kentucky history.  This is how his elections to the Senate staggered.

1946-won a Senate seat to complete the two years remaining on Happy Chandler’s term.  Cooper benefited from the nation wide shift to the Republican Party.

1948-narrowly lost a chance for a full term to Virgil Chapman.  He did run ahead of the President Truman in Kentucky.

1952-won a Senate seat to complete the two years remaining on Chapman’s term.  Chapman had died a few months earlier.  Eisenhower won the Presidency which helped Cooper.

1954-narrowly lost a chance for a full term to  Alben Barkley.  Barley was the Vice President under Truman.   The nationwide shift to the Democratic   Party hurt Cooper.

1956-won a Senate seat to complete the two years remaining on Barkley’s term.  Chapman had died.  Eisenhower won the Presidency for the second time which helped Cooper.

Cooper won full terms in 1960 and 1966.


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