For many years, the Republicans were a coalition party between Easterners and Westerners. The dividing line was at Pittsburgh. Generally, though not always, those from the east were to the left of those in the west. Hence the two names-the Eastern Liberal Establishment vs the Western Conservatives. As indicated earlier, this schism first occurred in 1912.
The Republicans renominated incumbent William Howard Taft (OHIO) for President and James S. Sherman (NEW YORK) for Vice President.
The Progressive Republicans nominated Theodore Roosevelt (NEW YORK) for President and Hiram Johnson (CALIFORNIA) for Vice President.
The Republicans in
1916-nominated Charles Evans Hughes (NEW YORK) for President and Charles W. Fairbanks (INDIANA) for Vice President.
1920-nominated Warren Harding (OHIO) for President and Calvin Coolidge (MASSACHUSETTS) for Vice President. This was only for sectional not ideological balance. Harding was a nice man but with no real concrete philosophy. Coolidge was an honest but cold reactionary.
1924-nominated Calvin Coolidge (MASSACHUSETTS) for President and Charles G. Dawes (ILLINOIS) for Vice President. Once again, sectional balance.
1928-nominated Herbert Hoover (CALIFORNIA) for President and Carl Curtis (KANSAS). Hoover’s popularity made any ticket balancing unnecessary.
1932-nominated Herbert Hoover (CALIFORNIA) for President and Carl Curtis (KANSAS). It was a grim convention but the Republicans had no choice but to stand behind the incumbent.
1936-nominated Alfred M. Landon (KANSAS) for President and Frank Knox (ILLINOIS) for Vice President. Landon’s liberal record compensated for his mid-western residence.
In the four elections elections from 1940 to 1952, the candidate of the Eastern Liberals defeated Senator Robert A. Taft (OHIO) the conservative spokesman for that generation. America lost when Taft did not even get one nomination for President.
1940-nominated Wendell Willkie (INDIANA) for President and Senator Charles McNary (OREGON) for Vice President. Both men were liberal leaning.
1944-nominated Thomas Dewey (NEW YORK) for President and Governor John Bricker (OHIO) for Vice President. Ideological and sectional balance.
1948-nominated Thomas Dewey (NEW YORK) for President and Governor Earl Warren (CALIFORNIA ) for Vice President. Ideological and sectional balance.
1952-nominated Dwight Eisenhower (KANSAS/TEXAS) for President and Senator Richard M. Nixon (CALIFORNIA) for Vice President. Ideological Balance.
1956-Republican Liberals moved without success to replace Richard Nixon as Vice President with Christian Herter, representative and later Governor of (MASSACHUSETTS) . Some result as four years earlier.
1960-Vice President Richard Nixon (CALIFORNIA) from the Conservative Wing won the nomination over the more Liberal Governor Nelson Rockefeller (NEW YORK). In return for Rockefeller’s support, Nixon met the Governor at his Manhattan condominium. The Republicans incorporated Rockefeller’s ideas into the platform. Former Senator and UN Ambassador Henry Lodge (MASSACHUSETTS) was chosen for Vice President. Both the platform compromise and the choice of Lodge angered Conservative Republicans.
1964-Senator Barry Goldwater (ARIZONA) was the first Westerner to get the Republican. He chose Congressman William Miller (NEW YORK) as his running mate. There was no logic to this choice. Miller was the only one willing to face a certain defeat.
1968-Once again Richard Nixon (CALIFORNIA) won the Republican nomination. He chose Governor Spiro Agnew (MARYLAND) for Vice President. There was no logic to this choice either. Nixon simply did not want to offend anyone.
We recall that Agnew resigned the Vice Presidency under ethical fire in October of 1973. Under the provisions of the 25th amendment, Nixon nominated and the Senate confirmed House Republican Leader Gerald R. Ford (MICHIGAN) for Vice President. Facing impeachment, President Nixon resigned in early August of 1974. President Ford nominated and the Senate confirmed Nelson Rockefeller (NEW YORK) for Vice President.
Naming Rockefeller was in part an attempt by Ford to bridge the gap between Liberals and Conservative in the party. At The Republican Convention in 1976, pressure from Conservatives forced Ford to replace Rockefeller with Robert Dole (KANSAS) for Vice President. The West won out.