Final Reasons to Give the Election to the Democrats

In 1948, both the Republicans and the Democrats had their Political Conventions in Philadelphia

DEMOCRATS-After a moving speech from Hubert Humphrey, the party began its commitment to Civil Rights for all citizens.  HHH eloquently stated that Democrats should be the party  of Civil Rights not  States Rights.   For the next 22 years came a string of Civil Rights laws affecting virtually all of us.   Hubert Humphrey’s  speech  jump started the Civil Rights movement.

Not everyone in the Democratic  Party  liked this new commitment to Civil Rights.  All of us know that Senators,  from  both the Deep and Border South,   could water down or  kill any measures.   In 1948,  the South just wanted to stop the clock  from moving forward.

The Democratic Party became split

FROM THE RIGHT-

Holding on to the past,  several officials from the South walked out of  Convention Hall and held a gathering at a nearby hotel.  The group was called the Dixiecrats.  They nominated Governor Strom Thurmond  from South Carolina for President and Governor Fielding Wright from Mississippi for Vice President.   These Deep South officials wanted to hold the balance of power.    In return for their  Electoral Vote they wanted the Democrats, and even some Republicans, to abandon  any notions of equal rights for all of our people.

FROM THE LEFT

The Left Wing of the Democratic Party thought that the policies of the Truman Administration and other groups were risking war with the Soviet  Union.   The hastily formed Progressive Party was not Pro-Communist in any sense.  They were, however,  not fully aware of Communists methods and the dangers the Communists pose to free societies.  Henry Wallace from Iowa ,  former Vice President and Secretary  of Commerce, was the nominee for President.  Senator Glenn Taylor from Idaho was for Vice President.

Things look bad for President Truman.   The States’ Rights Party and the Progressive Party depleted  the Democrats  from opposite ends.    Never giving up Truman won with the the biggest upset in the history of our Presidential Elections.

Here was the final tally:

President Truman-28 states with 303 Electoral  Votes; 24,179, 000 popular votes with 49.6 % of the total votes cast.

Governor Dewey-16 states with 189 Electoral Votes; 21, 991,000 popular votes with 45.1% of the total votes cast.

Governor Thurmond-4 states with 39 Electoral Votes; 1,176,000 popular votes.

Henry Wallace got 1.2 million votes but did not carry any states

 

Election Results of 1948-Tensions Build

REPUBLICAN Governor Thomas E. Dewey of New York  won the nomination for President  as he did in 1944.   Dewey won over Harold Stassen, Arthur Vandenberg,  and Robert A. Taft.   From 1940, 1944, and 1948, the candidate from the Eastern Liberal Establishment defeated the Western Conservatives.  In 1944 Republicans picked for Vice President Governor John Bricker of Ohio  for sectional balance.  In 1948,   Republican picked Governor Earl Warren of California for Vice President.   Republicans could go no further west than the Golden State. (the vertical line that generally divides Republicans was the border  of Ohio and Pennsylvania.)

DEMOCRATIC.   The party was really messed up from a number of developments.    President Harry Truman got the nomination almost by default.  This was only election where a political party could  deny the nomination to a sitting President.  General Dwight Eisenhower,  by a huge majority, was the choice of  the Democratic Party leaders for  President.

General Eisenhower was the military idol of the nation.  His credentials we all know-Commander of the European allies in World War II ; President of Columbia University; and the Head man in NATO.  Even so,  the General felt he needed time to bone up in various academic areas.

This election had three developments,  all of which   which lead to the election  of  Harry Truman.   Truman and other key Democrats nominated Senator Alben Barkeley of Kentucky for Vice President.