In 1948, both the Republicans and the Democrats had their Political Conventions in Philadelphia
DEMOCRATS-After a moving speech from Hubert Humphrey, the party began its commitment to Civil Rights for all citizens. HHH eloquently stated that Democrats should be the party of Civil Rights not States Rights. For the next 22 years came a string of Civil Rights laws affecting virtually all of us. Hubert Humphrey’s speech jump started the Civil Rights movement.
Not everyone in the Democratic Party liked this new commitment to Civil Rights. All of us know that Senators, from both the Deep and Border South, could water down or kill any measures. In 1948, the South just wanted to stop the clock from moving forward.
The Democratic Party became split
FROM THE RIGHT-
Holding on to the past, several officials from the South walked out of Convention Hall and held a gathering at a nearby hotel. The group was called the Dixiecrats. They nominated Governor Strom Thurmond from South Carolina for President and Governor Fielding Wright from Mississippi for Vice President. These Deep South officials wanted to hold the balance of power. In return for their Electoral Vote they wanted the Democrats, and even some Republicans, to abandon any notions of equal rights for all of our people.
FROM THE LEFT
The Left Wing of the Democratic Party thought that the policies of the Truman Administration and other groups were risking war with the Soviet Union. The hastily formed Progressive Party was not Pro-Communist in any sense. They were, however, not fully aware of Communists methods and the dangers the Communists pose to free societies. Henry Wallace from Iowa , former Vice President and Secretary of Commerce, was the nominee for President. Senator Glenn Taylor from Idaho was for Vice President.
Things look bad for President Truman. The States’ Rights Party and the Progressive Party depleted the Democrats from opposite ends. Never giving up Truman won with the the biggest upset in the history of our Presidential Elections.
Here was the final tally:
President Truman-28 states with 303 Electoral Votes; 24,179, 000 popular votes with 49.6 % of the total votes cast.
Governor Dewey-16 states with 189 Electoral Votes; 21, 991,000 popular votes with 45.1% of the total votes cast.
Governor Thurmond-4 states with 39 Electoral Votes; 1,176,000 popular votes.
Henry Wallace got 1.2 million votes but did not carry any states